VISUALIZATION OF SOEKARNO'S INVOLVEMENT IN THE COUPLE OF 1965 IN THE FILM GIE : (CHRISTIAN METZ SEMIOTICS STUDY)
The GIE film, which was made in 2005, gives a different picture for the audience, about the figure of Soekarno as President I of Riri Riza's GIE film based on the semiotic meaning of Christian Mezt's film so that it finds the meaning that is considered a problem in this study. 1. How is the visualization of Soekarno's involvement in The 1965 Coup in the GIE Film 2. What important meanings are found in the visualization of Soekarno's involvement in the 1965 Coup in the GIE Film based on Christian Metz's semiotics Christian Metz's semiotic theory, namely 1) Autonomous Shot 2) Parallel Syntagma 3) Bracket Syntagma .4) Descriptive Syntagma 5 ) Alternate Syntagma 6) Scene 7) Episodic Sequence 8) Ordinary Sequence. This research method is qualitative research, which is a research that emphasizes the conditions of reality or natural settings that are holistic, complex, and detailed. When compared to other Indonesian film characters, which are usually only queer-coded. Queer-coding tau displays the characters in pieces. These scenes will later be taken along with the shot and the scene will be analyzed using the Metz syntagmatic chain. The unit of analysis used. The systematic analysis of this research is: 1. Taking one part of Metz's syntagmatic chain and placing it next to the explanation of the scene in words Example: Episodic Syntagma – The introduction of the three characters of Political Figures; Gie, Soekarno and Soemitro.2. Explain the meaning of the scene in detail based on the classification of the scene. The results of this study indicate that the Episodic Sequence category of the analysis of the Visualization of President Soekarno involved in the 1965 Coup is very strong, because in several scenes that the researcher has included in the Ordinary Sequence, if the President is behind the Indonesian Communist Party, so that party members believe that the Party is safe, plus more statements such as when the statement about the absence of the disbandment of the Indonesian Communist Party appeared.
Atmakusuma, Maksum Iskandar. (2003). Tracking Broadcast and Internet Media Journalism. Jakarta. RMBOOKS.
Bayquni. (2020). Social Communication in the Study of Mass Communication. mandalanasional Publishing.
Biagi, Shirley. (2010). Media /Impact Introduction to Mass Media. Salemba Humanika.
Denzin, N. K. and Lincoln, Y.S. (eds). (2000). Handbook of Qualitative Research (Second Edition). Thousand Oaks, London, New Delhi: Sage Publication.
Effendy, Uchjana, Onong. (2000). Communication Science Theory and Practice. PT. Rosdakarya Youth, Bandung.
Jenkins, Henry. (2004). Convergence Culture: Where Old and New Media Collide, New York: New York University Press.
Jenkins, Henry. et. Al. (2009). Confronting The Challenges of Participatory Culture: Media Education for the 21st Century. Massachusetts: MIT Press.
Karlinah, Siti. (2000). Mass Communication. Open University, Jakarta.
Kriyantono, Rachmat. (2010). Practical Techniques of Communication Research. Prenada Media Group.
Ks , Usman. (2009). Media Economics, Introduction to Concepts and Applications. Bogor: Ghalia Indonesia.
McQuail, Denis. (1987). Mass Communication Theory. trans. Agus Dharma and Aminuddin Ram Jakarta: Erlangga.
Moleong, Lexy, J. (2000). Qualitative Research Methodology. PT Teen Rosda Karya Bandung.
Mulyana, Dedy. (2003). Communication Science, An Introduction. PT. Rosdakarya Youth, Bandung.
Patrut Bogdan, Monica Patrut. (2014). Social Media In Politics, Case Studies on the political Power of Social Media. Springer.
Rakhmat, Jalaluddin. (1991). Psychology of Communication. RevIsi Edition, Bandung, Youth, Rosdakarya.
Romli, M., Syamsul, Asep. (2000). Online Journalism: A Practical Guide to Managing Online Media. Bandung. Scholar Nuance.
Salim, Agus. (2001). Theory and Paradigm of Social Research. Yogyakarta: Tiara Wacana Yogya.
Sendjaja, Djuarsa, Sasa. (2000). Introduction to Communication Studies. Open University.
Severin, Werner J., Tankard, Jr., James W. (2007) Communication Theory: History, Methods, and Application in Mass Media. Jakarta: Kencana Prenada Media Group, 5th Ed, Cet. 2.
Sugiyono. (2008) Educational Research Methods. Bandung: CV. Alphabet.
Turner, L. H. & West, R. L. (2007). Introducing Communication Theory: Analysis and Application. 3rd Ed. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Wazis, Kun. (2012). Mass Media and Reality Construction. Jakarta Aditya Media Publishing.
Wimmer & Domminick. (1991). Mass Media Research: An Introduction. USA: Cencage Learning.
Zaenuddin, H. M. (2011). The Journalist. Bandung: Rosdakarya Youth.
Asvi Warman Adam (LIPI). (2006). Coup in Indonesian History. Jawa Pos, 3, 1–9. http://lipi.go.id/berita/kudeta-dalam-sejarah-indonesia/992
Abdullah, T. (2004). Soekarno, First President (1945-1967). Compass. http://lipi.go.id/berita/soekarno-ppresi-pertama-1945-1967/248
Miller, K. (Texas A. & M. U. (n.d.). Communication Theories, Perspectives, Processes, and Context. McGraw Hill.
Shirley Biagi (California State University, S. (2005). Media Impact An Introduction to Mass Media. Thonson Learning, Inc.
Fiske, J. (1990). Introduction To Communication Studies: 2nd Edition.
Stephen W. Littlejohn, Foss, K. A., & Oetzel, J. G. (2012). THEORIES OF HUMAN COMMUNICATION Eleventh Edition. Waveland Press, Inc., 53(95). https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781107415324.004
Ali, Mohammad, M. (S.I. Institute). (2019). Gender Analysis of False Body Films Through Christian Metz's Semiotics. Degree: Journal of Cultural Arts, 16(1), 59–76. https://doi.org/10.33153/glr.v16i1.2340
Lia Yulianti (University of Sanata Dharma Indonesia). (2009). Gie's Resistance Against the Old Order Government and the Beginning of the New Order Government in Riri Riza's Gie Scenario Manuscript A Review of Literary Sociology. Sanata Dharma Yogyakarta, 2(5). University Sanata Dharna Yogyakarta.
Kusuma, D., Zamroni, A. L., Muhammad, & Astuti, S. Y. (2017). Semiotic Analysis of Christian Metz Film: A Case Study of Visualization of Religious Messages in the Hijrah Cinta film. Cultural Publications, 5(1), 21–27. https://jurnal.unej.ac.id/index.php/PB/article/view/5986
Khafid, S. (2020). Synopsis of Gie di Mola TV: A film starring Nicholas Saputra. tirto.id. https://tirto.id/sinopsis-gie-di-mola-tv-film-yang-stari-nicholas-saputra-f5ZN
Florina, I. D. (2014). (Cry Justice)). V(2), 181–192.