EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES & DISAPPEARANCE OF MANUAL LABOUR JOBS IN INDONESIA
With the occurrence of emerging technology, the world faces the risk of jobs being automated in the future. Labor automation itself refers to substituting technology for human labor to perform specific task or jobs. This study aims to find out whether this claim is applicable to Indonesia as a newly industrialized country and what can be done to resolve this issue? To test the hypothesis of how Labor automation can be applicable to Indonesia, this research aims to analyze the impact on how technology on jobs and what variables might be replaced in the future—using predictions from past statistics comparing how these past few years have changed with the development of technology. The research analyzed previous relevant studies on automation, how opportunities get created, how jobs get transformed, and what challenges are posed by emerging technologies. The major challenges that may be faced in this case is unemployment due to disappearing labor jobs. These results suggest that Indonesia will still be impacted with the risk of labor jobs being automated. On this basis, to prevent major unemployment issue, Indonesia needs to raise awareness for the younger generation to prepare for their future better, by enriching them with skills and ability to adapt with continuous changes.
A Jain, S Ranjan. (2020). Implications of emerging technologies on the future of work. IIMB Management Review, 2020 - Elsevie
E Parry, V Battista. (2019, January). The impact of emerging technologies on work: a review of the evidence and implications for the human resource function. Emerald Open Res, volume 1, issue 5
Foundation for Young Australians (2015), The new work order: ensuring young Australians have skills and experience for the jobs of the future, not the past, Foundation for Young Australians
Kande, M., & Sönmez, M. (2020, October 26). Don’t fear AI. The tech will lead to long-term job growth. World Economic Forum. Retrieved April 22, 2021.
McKinsey & Company. (2020). Digital challenges in the next normal: Central and Eastern Europe on a path to digitally-led growth. McKinsey & Company.
Peruffo, E., Schmidlechner, L., & Contreras, R. R. (2017). Automation of work: literature review. Dublín: Eurofound.
Prakasa, K. (2021, January 7). Pertarungan pengangguran karena Korona. Lokadata.ID.
Pricewaterhouse Coopers. (2020). PwC’s global artificial intelligence study: Sizing the prize. PwC.
PricewaterhouseCoopers. (2021). PwC 24th annual global CEO survey: A leadership agenda to take on tomorrow. PwC. https://www.pwc.com/gx/en/ceo-agenda/ceosurvey/2021/report.html
PwC UK. (2018, February). Will robots really steal our jobs? An international analysis of the potential long- term impact of automation. PwC UK.